Business Glossary

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Term Definition
Zero-Based Budget

A budgeting method where all expenses are justified from scratch each period, regardless of previous allocations

Synonyms - ZBB
Yield Curve

A graphical representation of the relationship between bond maturities and their corresponding yields. 


A standard for tagging financial statements electronically, allowing for easier analysis and comparison.

Synonyms - eXtensible Business Reporting Language
Workplace Diversity

Celebrating and valuing differences in employees' backgrounds, experiences, and perspectives. 

Value Proposition

A clear and concise statement of the benefits a product or service offers to its target audience


Training employees to develop new skills and knowledge to adapt to changing needs and technology.

Tangible Assets

Physical assets with a physical presence, like property, equipment, or inventory

Supply Chain Management

The process of planning, organizing, and controlling the flow of goods and materials from suppliers to customers


Return On Investment, is a measure of the return from an investment. It is calculated as (Income - Cost) / Cost = ROI.

Synonyms - Return On Investment
Quantitative Easing

A monetary policy tool where a central bank increases the money supply by purchasing government bonds and other securities

Synonyms - QE
Product Launch

The introduction of a new product or service to the market

Offer Price

The price at which a company seeks to sell its shares in an initial public offering (IPO). 

Synonyms - IPO
Net Present Value

The present value of future cash flows generated by an investment, considering the time value of money and a discount rate

Synonyms - NPV
Market Capitalization

The total value of a company's outstanding shares of stock, calculated by multiplying the share price by the number of shares outstanding. 

Synonyms - Market Cap

The ease with which an asset can be converted into cash without significant loss in value. 

Key Risk Indicator

Early warning signals of potential problems or threats to an organization's goals. 

Synonyms - KRI
Joint Venture

A partnership between two or more companies to undertake a specific business project

Interest Rate

The cost of borrowing money, often expressed as an annual percentage rate (APR). 

Synonyms - APR
Hedge Fund

An investment pool using complex strategies to maximize returns and minimize risks, often with high fees and restrictions for investors.

Growth Stock

A company focused on rapid revenue and earnings growth, even if it means reinvesting profits rather than paying dividends

Financial Ratio

A mathematical comparison of two or more financial statement items to assess a company's financial health. 

Economic Value Added

A measure of a company's economic profit by subtracting the cost of capital from operating profit

Synonyms - EVA
Demand Deposit

A bank account where funds can be withdrawn anytime without notice

Capital Gain

The profit realized from selling an asset for more than its purchase price


When the main business user/client is a physical person.

Synonyms - Business to Consumer

When the main business user/client is another business/legal entity.

Synonyms - Business to Business
Asset Allocation

The process of dividing investment capital among different asset classes (e.g., stocks, bonds, cash) to achieve investment goals and manage risk